Published articles


Peer-reviewed journal articles

Author profiles:
Liz O'NionsFrancesca HappeEssi VidingJudith GouldPhil Christie Christopher Gillberg 

Other Publications Relating to PDA

  • O'Nions, E., Happé, F., Viding, E. (2016). Extreme/'pathological' demand avoidance. DECP Debate, 160. 
  • O'Nions et al., 'Extreme/ ‘Pathological' Demand Avoidance: An Examination of the Behavioural Features Using a Semi-Structured Interview. Presented at IMFAR 2016 (Baltimore) and EFCAP 2016 (Porto) (download PDF by clicking here
  • 'Features of Pathological Demand Avoidance Identified Using the Diagnostic Interview for Social and Communication Disorders (‘DISCO')' O'Nions et al., presented at IMFAR 2015 (Salt Lake City) (download pdf by clicking here)
  • Autism East Midlands - How does PDA present in a play-based assessment? (download PDF by clicking here)
  • Autism East Midlands - Strategies used to identify PDA in a play-based assessment (download PDF by clicking here
  • The Association for Child and Adolescence Mental Health (ACAMH) Research Digest - Intolerance of uncertainty underlies demand avoidance behaviours in children. A pdf version of this article can also be downloaded by clicking here.

The following papers are all available from Autism East Midlands (formerly NORSACA)

  • Pathological Demand Avoidance Syndrome, diagnostic criteria and relationship to autism and other developmental coding disorders; Elizabeth Newson, Child Development Research Unit, University of Nottingham; 1989
  • Pathological Demand Avoidance Syndrome: a statistical update; Elizabeth Newson; Durham Conference; 1996
  • Pathological Demand Avoidance Syndrome: discriminant function analysis demonstrating its essential differences from autism and Asperger’s syndrome; Durham Conference; 1998
  • Communication development of children with Pathological Demand Avoidance Syndrome; Charlotte Graham-White; Early Years Diagnostic Centre, Nottingham; 2002
  • Helping your child with PDA to play; Josephine Carlile; GAP, 12, 2, 2011
  • Educational and handling guidelines; Elizabeth Newson in consultation with Phil Christie
  • How does PDA present in a play based environment?; NORSACA
  • Strategies used to discover PDA in a play based environment; NORSACA

Research Websites 

Summary of Ongoing Research 

There are now a number of institutions actively conducting research into PDA and Liz O’Nions has kindly provided a summary of the work that is going on. 
Summary of research developments
Please note that the PDA Society are not making any recommendations nor is responsible for the content of sites and links that are external to the PDA Society. 

Please contact us if you discover any broken links or would like to make suggestions or links to add.