Papers from Autism East Midlands


The early research on PDA was conducted by Prof Elizabeth Newson and her colleagues at the University of Nottingham and later the diagnostic centre that bears her name. The Elizabeth Newson centre is part of Autism East Midlands. Links to these papers are available from their website:

  • Pathological Demand Avoidance Syndrome, diagnostic criteria and relationship to autism and other developmental coding disorders; Elizabeth Newson, Child Development Research Unit, University of Nottingham; 1989
  • Pathological Demand Avoidance Syndrome: a statistical update; Elizabeth Newson; Durham Conference; 1996
  • Pathological Demand Avoidance Syndrome: discriminant function analysis demonstrating its essential differences from autism and Asperger’s syndrome; Durham Conference; 1998
  • Communication development of children with Pathological Demand Avoidance Syndrome; Charlotte Graham-White; Early Years Diagnostic Centre, Nottingham; 2002
  • Helping your child with PDA to play; Josephine Carlile; GAP, 12, 2, 2011
  • Educational and handling guidelines; Elizabeth Newson in consultation with Phil Christie
  • How does PDA present in a play based environment?; NORSACA
  • Strategies used to discover PDA in a play based environment; NORSACA


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