Helpful approaches infographic: PANDA strategies


This infographic illustrates the key strategies which are helpful in working with and understanding someone with a PDA profile of autism.

Conventional support strategies, including those often recommended for autism, are often ineffective and counter-productive with a PDA profile of autism.

In place of structure, routine, firm boundaries, praise, rewards/consequences, is a person-centred approach based on negotiation, collaboration and flexibility.

The PDA Panda symbolises the need to tailor the environment to meet needs and the P-A-N-D-A mnemonic is a simple reminder of helpful approaches.


Published: PDA Society, 2019 and updated, 2021

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Further information:

Self-help approaches - adults
Helpful approaches - children